Functions of a Condenser and Its Types

Condensers play a crucial part in any systems that incorporate heat transfer as it conducts the heat out from the system. Condensers do vary in designs as it has numerous types. A few types of condensers are developed for the industrial purpose to handle inevitable circumstances and some are designed for domestic use such as refrigerators and air conditioners etc. The size of the condensers is also depending on the size. Condenser is employed to cool down the superheated vapor which eventually turns into liquid. When the vapor turns liquid in a condenser, it is collected and employed for future use. It is basic in power plants, petroleum industry etc. In this article, you will explore more details of a condenser.

Working Procedures of Condenser

Condensers come in a wide variety of designs but its principle and working procedure remain the same. Its working procedures can be separated into three different stages. The first stages of the condenser are de-superheating. Before understanding this phase, developing insights of saturation temperatures are mandatory. In general, the saturation temperature is a point where the refrigerant state commences its change. This is where gas transfigured to a liquid state.

When the evaporating process gets completed, vapor starts to sneak in a condenser. In general, the vapor from the evaporation process is superheated and extremely pressurized. The condenser cools down the superheated vapor and aids it reaching the saturation level. The result of the desaturation process is 50% of liquid and 50% of vapor. When de-superheating finished, it has condensation state. In the condensation state, it is again cooled and, in the result, it has 10% of vapor and 90% of liquid. Sub-cooling is the next phase. In this phase, even 10% of vapor is turned into liquid. But the liquid is still vulnerable to transfigure to gas state. The cooling process is still sustained even beyond saturation point. This stage is called the sub-cooling. Finally, the liquid is procured in an outlet and employed for various other uses in the plants.

Types of condensers

Different types of condensers are available and they are air-cooled condenser, water-cooled condenser and evaporative one. These classifications have subsets and rely on the one which suits you the best. If you are up to highly effectual one, then water-cooled condensers are the effectual choice. But it is high maintenance as well as need regular inspection.

Condensers are prone to corrosion and other hitches. It has to be inspected regularly to avoid sudden downtime. When any hitches occur, it makes you spend a great deal of money to bring it back to the working stage. Instead of worsening the situation, it is better to inspect it regularly and give proper care as well as maintenance. Some types of condensers are costly whereas some are affordable. Stick to the one which suits your needs and budget. When employing condenser, proper attention must be given to regulations and to be followed to avoid accidents or other similar situations.

Hope this article has provided the light you are searching for.